Are you planning to sell your cosmetics in the UK ?
The United Kingdom is an important market for cosmetic products in the world (Valued at €9.9 billion at retail sales price in 2021). The United Kingdom is among the leading three cosmetic markets in Western Europe after Germany and France (and followed by Italy) and is the 8th biggest cosmetic industry in the world, behind the USA, China, Japan, India, Brazil, Germany and France. The global cosmetics market size is projected to reach a growth of 25% by 2027 and the UK is often seen as the biggest Western Europe growth in the next years.
The United Kingdom is one of the most complicated cosmetic regulation in the world
The United Kingdom formally left the European Union on January 31, 2020 but the UK Cosmetics Regulation originates from the EU Cosmetic Regulation 1223/2009. Cosmetics companies had until December 31, 2020 (transition period) to comply with the requirements of the “The Product Safety and Metrology etc. (Amendment etc.) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, Schedule 34”, the so-called “UK Cosmetics Regulation”. Much legislation has been enacted over years to better protect consumers, animals and the environment, to better inform end users and to better harmonize national laws. As such, every cosmetic product available in the UK market, whether for payment or free of charge, needs to comply with a long list of legal requirements.
A company marketing or wishing to market cosmetic products in the United Kingdom thereafter needs to be represented by a Responsible Person based in the UK and comply with the requirements listed below.
Before launching your brand in the UK, pay attention that you took the right decisions as they may affect your success in the long run. Our recommandation for you is to select a qualified partner who will support your development on both sides of the Channel. Biorius ensures your presence in both the EU and the UK by certifying that your products are compliant in both territories!
Biorius, Specialist in UK cosmetic safety assessments
As specialists in UK cosmetic safety assessments and UK Cosmetics Regulation for more than 15 years, Biorius offers a reliable turnkey solution for verifying and registering cosmetic products in an effective way. This solution, based on in-depth knowledge of the legislation, consists of a team of more than 50 scientific consultants offering a wide range of expertise and sophisticated IT tools and is the fastest and most reliable way to access the UK market.
How does Biorius assist you?
Our European registration process requires 5 IMPORTANT STEPS for cosmetic products:
Table of Contents
Step 1: Formula Review
The first step is a Formula Review:
- Regulatory and Safety Compliance of the Ingredients (because some ingredients are restricted/prohibited)
- Establishment of the INCI List
- Confirmation of the mandatory lab tests
This step is a prerequisite for the preparation of the CPSR (Cosmetic Product Safety Report) and the verification of the product label.
The formula review is a meticulous review of your cosmetics formula to ensure that all ingredients are safe for their intended use and comply with the UK Cosmetics Regulation:
- The composition is entirely rebuilt from its raw materials and the formula is expressed in trade names. The raw materials documentation is reviewed to verify its regulatory compliance, and the impurities profile is highlighted.
- Preliminary calculations and investigations are conducted to ensure that each ingredient and impurity is safe, given the cosmetic product, its intended use and the targeted population.
Step 2: Cosmetic Product Safety Report (CPSR)
The CPSR (Cosmetic Product Safety Report) A&B (signed by a Toxicologist) is a long and complex file of the UK Cosmetics Regulation.
The CPSR is a comprehensive document produced by a qualified toxicologist. This safety report intends to support and confirm the safe use of the cosmetic product, taking into consideration all pieces of information available, such as toxicological profiles of each ingredient and impurity, test results, certificates, declarations, raw materials documentation, etc. Introducing a cosmetic product to the UK market without a high-quality CPSR is a serious offensive that typically leads to withdrawal from the market, significant financial penalties and serious damage to the cosmetic brand’s reputation. Furthermore, it should be ensured that the CPSR are signed by qualified toxicologists with degrees recognized in the UK (for the UK market) and in the EU (for the EU market). Biorius has toxicologists recognized as qualified Safety Assessors on both sides of the Channel.
The CPSR takes the form of two distinct sections, Part A and Part B.
Part A: Cosmetic Product Safety Information
This part of the report contains all data needed for the evaluation of the cosmetic product.
Part B: Cosmetic Product Safety Assessment
This part of the report includes an evaluation of the cosmetic product’s safety and conclusions. The Part B is essential, as it certifies the effectiveness and safety of a product before being placed on the UK market.
Step 3: Product Information File (PIF) and SCPN Notification
A PIF (Product Information File) is a complete cosmetic regulatory file that contains:
- CPSR A&B
A Product Information File is a large and highly-structured dossier containing every piece of information related to a given cosmetic product. Some of the data come from product manufacturers, other data from independent laboratories, and yet other data comes from a duly-qualified safety assessor. Learn more about the Product Information File (PIF)
Once the PIF has been completed, the cosmetic product can be notified electronically on the British Portal, the so-called SCPN (Submit Cosmetic Product Notification) and a unique SCPN number is delivered. This number can be requested from the importer and the Responsible Person at any time, notably by customs officers.
In other words, a notification is to announce to the UK that you will sell a product in the United Kingdom.
Technically, cosmetic products are not registered in the UK; they are notified. Unlike other countries and regions that require pre-approval of the products by the competent authorities, the UK requires notification before the product can be launched in its market. This means that verification by the competent authorities is performed after the product is launched in the UK market. For this reason, selecting a qualified and competent Responsible Person is especially important.
After Brexit, Product Information Files must be updated to display the name of the EU and the UK Responsible Persons. Furthermore:
- Cosmetic products sold in both markets must be notified both in the CPNP AND the SCPN to enable you to market them in both territories
- EU and UK Responsible Persons’ names and addresses must be included on the label if the product is sold in both territories.
Each product has to be re-notified in a new notification system in order to be allowed for sale in the UK. No automatic transfer between the EU CPNP (Cosmetic Products Notification Portal) and this new British notification portal (SCPN: Submit Cosmetic Product Notification) has been developed. The British system was made available on January 1st, 2021, and is relatively similar to CPNP. All cosmetic products currently for sale in the UK market had to be re-notified within 90 days from the end of the transition period (namely March 31st, 2021).
Step 4: Labels and Claims Review
The UK cosmetic labelling rules may seem very confusing and although it falls under the responsibility of the distributors, the design and edition of labels and packaging are and remain a costly exercise for cosmetic brand owners.
The distributors are of course fully entitled to refuse products that would not comply with these requirements.
A clear label is important to help consumers for their purchases and to protect their health, all important information always has to be easily accessible, readable and understandable by the consumer at the time of purchase. The rule is actually quite simple: the end-consumer has to understand precisely what he is buying when he is checking the product.
A Label Review is a complete compliance of packaging and labels and the experts will check everything on the packaging and labels: claims, PAO (Period After Opening), warnings, INCI list, … .
The country of origin has also to be included on the product label if the product is manufactured outside of the UK. The UK Responsible Person’s contact details also have to be added on the product label (primary and secondary).
In summary, making a Label Review in UK (complete review and revision of labels and claims that take into account all UK Cosmetics Regulations) and a consultancy on specific claims or topics that the brand wants to promote as marketing text (by a recognized and renown company like Biorius) is the best idea for your business.
Using our regulatory expertise, Biorius reviews your labels to ensure their compliance in the EU and the UK after Brexit.
Step 5: Legal Representation
The Legal Representation for cosmetics in UK is called the UK Responsible Person. Since January 1st, 2021, a Responsible Person in the UK is required in order to sell cosmetic products in the country. A cosmetics brand selling both in the EU and in the UK needs a local Responsible Person for each economic area.
The Responsible Person comes with many responsibilities and the Responsible Person will be held responsible in the event of a non-compliance problem.
A simple and easy way to explain the Responsible Person is:
- Who do the UK authorities (OPSS – Office Product Safety & Standards) have to call if they want to control your cosmetic product?
- Who should a consumer call if they have an unusual reaction to your cosmetic product?
A Responsible Person is designated in SCPN for each notified product. Among other important functions, this Responsible Person will ensure the compliance of the cosmetic products on an ongoing basis and will update the PIF when necessary.
In short, being a Responsible Person implies many responsibilities and is an important and delicate matter that should not be taken lightly. Cosmetic brands should really invest time in this crucial step. Check out the best way to choose your Responsible Person
Learn more about Responsible Persons and their obligations
Among other recommendations, a cosmetics brand should try to find one Responsible Person with offices both in the EU and in the UK who can, therefore, represent products in both regions. A new Responsible Person will typically audit cosmetic product dossiers to ensure that they comply with the legislation and to avoid taking unreasonable risks. Such an audit comes with additional costs and takes time. For that reason, working with only one Responsible Person is the most cost-effective option for cosmetics brands. Biorius has offices in both the EU and the UK, allowing us to serve as Responsible Person in both areas.
If you wish to develop the sales of your cosmetic products in UK, this is something Biorius can help you with. Biorius can indeed support the complete UK cosmetics regulation process.
- Specialized in cosmetic regulations in the United Kingdom, Europe, the United States, and in more than 60 countries.
- A Responsible Person in UK (and Europe).
- Mainly composed of 50 regulatory experts, specialists, toxicologists and scientists (chemists and biologists)
- Reassuring and comfortable: we have more than 1,500 international clients, we have already evaluated more than 100,000 products and we never had any compliance issues (fines, withdrawals of the market, etc.) in 15 years of existence.
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